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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2004年04月第10卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2004)02-0193-05
 
民事再审与审判监督关系之辨正
 
唐东楚
 
(中南大学法学院,湖南长沙,410075)
 
摘  要: 在我国现行《民事诉讼法》中,民事再审与审判监督的关系被立法的“监督情结”和国家本位主义扭曲,呈现出审判监督权的过度发达和再审诉权的缺失,违背了民事诉讼的规律。修订立法时,应当辨正二者之关系,取消由法院内部职权发动再审的“审判监督”,将检察院的抗诉监督地位界定为当事人申诉案件中的“公权发动再审者”和公益再审抗诉案件中的“申请人或原告”,在制度上区分当事人“再审诉权”性质的“申请再审”和“检举控告裁判人员违法失职行为”性质的“申诉”,以期解决现实中“再审无限”和信访成堆的难题。
 
关键词: 民事再审;审判监督;再审诉权;申诉;抗诉监督
 
 
Reasonable relation between the civil retrial and adjudication supervision
 
TANG Dong-chu
 
(School of Law, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: The relation between civil retrial and adjudication supervision has been distorted by the“supervision liking”and state standards in our civil procedure law. The excessive judicial supervision power and the lack of civil right haven t been accommodated with the principles of civil proceedings. We should correctly deal with their relation in the legislation revision. We should ban the judicial supervising power of courts, define the procuratorial supervising power as the initiator or plaintiff in the retrial procedure, distinguish the retrial right and appeal for the corruption of judge so that we can resolve the problems in“infinite retrial”and the great numbers of the masses complaining to the higher authorities.
 
Key words: civil retrial; adjudication supervision; retrial right; appeal for the corruption of judge; procuratorial Supervision
 
 
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