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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2004年04月第10卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2004)02-0172-05
 
机遇特性模型和效益定律研究
 
雷庆礼
 
(长沙民政学院,湖南长沙,410004)
 
摘  要: 机遇特性主要表现在机遇的普遍性、隐蔽性、风险性、偶发性、独享性、时效性和周期性等七个方面,通过机遇的可发现度、效益度、风险性等三项基本指标构建了机遇的特性模型,分析了机遇模型三项指标相互之间的函数变化关系,并总结出了机遇效益定律:利用机遇所取得的效益E的平方与机遇的可发现度D成反比,与机遇的风险性R成正比,并且还和时间及人对机遇把握能力相关的机遇函数K(t)有关。
 
关键词: 机遇特性;机遇模型;机遇定律
 
 
Research on the property model of opportunity & return law
 
LEI Qing-li
 
(Changsha Social Work College, Changsha 410004, China)
 
Abstract: The property of Opportunity mainly exists in seven aspects: universality, conceal mentality, risk, accidentals, exclusiveness, limitation and periodicity. This thesis suggests that using the three basic indexes—visibility, profit degree, risk of opportunity—can be used to instruct the property model of opportunity. The author  analyzes the quantity relation between every two of them and concludes that the return law of opportunity, which is the absolute value of returnE, cames from using opportunity, and it is inverse proportion of the visibilityD, but it is also direct proportion of the risk of opportunity R and relates to the coefficient of grasp ability ofopportunityK(t). This law provides us valuable guiding advice to discover opportunity, grasp opportunity and avoid the risk.
 
Key words: property of opportunity; opportunity model; opportunity law
 
 
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