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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2004年02月第10卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2004)01-0005-06
 
尼采的真理观一辨
 
 
(浙江大学中文系,浙江杭州,310028)
 
摘  要: 尼采指出,孤立抽象的真理并不存在。真理是完全拟人化的,是一群活动的隐喻。他批判以往的哲学和宗教将真理确认为是存在或上帝本身,揭示二者所谓的真理都有其禁欲主义道德根源,从而反对这种真理的暴政。人们以求真理的意志只是去获得对存在物的信仰,却没想到去创造一个应当存在的世界,而只有创造性的强力①意志才能使得一切都在生成中永恒地回归。艺术作为颓废的哲学、宗教和道德的反运动,它是生命的最高使命和生命本来的形而上活动,艺术家具有生产性和创造力,艺术赋予人真诚的幻想和信念的快乐,因为艺术是以谎言的形式来讲述真理。
 
关键词: 真理;道德;创造;艺术
 
 
On Nietzsche′s view of the truth
 
LI Tao
 
(Department of Chinese Language & literature, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028, China)
Abstract:People usually know the truth by the phrase concept, but Nietzsche indicates that there aren’t isolated or abstract truths, instead there are completely personated ones which are a group of active metaphors. He criticizes the former philosophy and religion to confirm the truth as the existence or the God, announces that the two so-called truths all have their asceticism moral sources, so he opposes this kind of truth’s tyranny. He further points out, people’s will to the truth is just to get the faith for the things being existent, but they have no idea of creating a world that should to be exist, however only the creative will to power can make everything return eternally in the building. As the anti-action against the decadent philosophy、religion and moral, art is the most
import mission of life and also the originally metaphysical activity, the artist has the productive and creative power. Art gives person the sincere imagination and the pleasure with conviction, because it relates the truth with lie.)
 
Abstract: People usually know the truth by the phrase concept, but Nietzsche indicates that there aren’t isolated or abstract truths, instead there are completely personated ones which are a group of active metaphors. He criticizes the former philosophy and religion to confirm the truth as the existence or the God, announces that the two so-called truths all have their asceticism moral sources, so he opposes this kind of truth’s tyranny. He further points out, people’s will to the truth is just to get the faith for the things being existent, but they have no idea of creating a world that should to be exist, however only the creative will to power can make everything return eternally in the building. As the anti-action against the decadent philosophy、religion and moral, art is the most
import mission of life and also the originally metaphysical activity, the artist has the productive and creative power. Art gives person the sincere imagination and the pleasure with conviction, because it relates the truth with lie.
 
Key words: the truth; moral; create; art
 
 
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