自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2010年02月第16卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2010)01-0057-08
 
论有认识犯罪过失的要素及构造
 
张纪寒
 
(武汉大学法学院,湖北武汉,430072)
 
摘  要: 以无认识过失为样本的过失理论,将缺乏危害结果发生现实性的认识与对结果的无知混为一谈,实质上导致了有认识过失与无认识过失界限的模糊。而对“轻信能够避免”归属于认识因素还是意志因素的摇摆不定,则说明了轻信是认识因素和意志因素之间重要的连接要素。有认识过失与间接故意的区别不仅在于排斥危害结果发生与否的心理事实,更在于行为人对于结果不发生的判断与信赖。信赖结果不发生并据此作出行为决意的才是有认识过失,所以结果不发生的判断与信赖在有认识过失的结构中具有独立的意义。
 
关键词: 有认识过失;轻信;认识因素;意志因素
 
 
On cognitive negligence and its factors
 
ZHANG Jihan
 
(School of Law, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
 
Abstract: In the doctrine established of the inadvertent negligence, not knowing the result of the occurrence and not knowing the reality of the result occurred are confused. This situation makes the boundaries of cognitive negligence and inadvertent negligence unknown. Credulity is the crucial factor which connects the factor of knowledge and the will factor. The largest difference between the cognitive negligence and indirect intent is not the will against the harmful consequences, but the decision to act lies on the belief of whether harmful consequences taking place. So the disbelief of the coming of harmful consequences is crucial factor of the construction of the cognitive negligence. The will of the cognitive negligence consists of the attitude against the harmful consequences and the disbelief of the coming of harmful consequences and the decision to act lies on the belief of no harmful consequences to take place.
 
Key words: cognitive negligence; credulity; factor of knowledge; will factor
 
 
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