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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2010年02月第16卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2010)01-0046-06
 
法律监督的基本原理研究论纲
 
龚佳禾
 
(湖南省人民检察院,湖南长沙,410001)
 
摘  要: 我国宪法将检察机关的性质定位为“法律监督”, 使得法律监督的基本原理成为我国检察理论中一个最基本、最重要的问题。目前,关于“法律监督”的理论研究存在的缺陷一是没有立足宪法原理和我国宪政制度的特殊性来建立自己的关于法律监督的原理性理论,二是脱离“法律监督”的产生背景而仅仅从字词层面去理解其内涵。我们认为,“法律监督”的理解应当从时代背景的外部视角和矛盾运动的内部视角审视,正确认识“法律监督”内涵的发展变化。“法律监督”包含检察机关的政治使命、法律监督职能及职能的实现等三个层面的内涵,因此,应该从“法律监督”内涵的三个层面系统解读检察机关的性质。“法律监督的基本原理”由“法律监督”的内涵分层原理和以此为基础的职能原理、职能实现原理组成。
 
关键词: 法律监督;原理;职能;职权
 
 
On the principle of legal supervision
 
GONG Jiahe
 
(People’s Procuratorate of Hunan, Changsha 410001, China)
 
Abstract: In our Constitution, the nature of procuratorate is defined as the legal supervision authority, which makes the keystone of legal supervision become one of the most basic and important problem of procuratorial theory in China. At present, there are defects existing in the theoretical research of legal supervision. On the one hand, the elementary theory in legal supervision based on the particularity of constitutional principles and the constitutional principle has not been built. On the other hand, the legal supervision is only literally understood, with its birthing background neglected. In our views, to recognize the legal supervision, we must have a right knowledge of the development of its connotation, contacting its historical, legislative and constitutional background. The connotation of legal supervision includes three aspects: political mission of procuratorial authority, function of legal supervision and its realization, thereby interpretating the nature of procuratorate systematically from the above three levels makes up the main contents of this thesis.
 
Key words: legal supervision; principle; function; authority
 
 
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