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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2010年02月第16卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2010)01-0005-08
 
“实践存在论美学”的理论实质与思想渊源
—对一种反批评意见的初步回答
 
董学文,陈诚
 
(北京大学中文系,北京,100871;
南开大学哲学系博士后流动站,天津,300071)
 
摘  要: “实践存在论”是近年出现在美学、文艺学研究领域的一种本体观。这种本体观曲解和泛化了马克思主义的实践概念,并将其与海德格尔的存在论相等同,由此组合成“实践存在论”。“实践存在论美学”建立在“实践本体论”或“主体性实践哲学”基础上,与西方“实践派”理论和国内“实践美学”有着内在关联,其本质在于以西方存在主义存在论取代马克思主义的辩证唯物论及其历史观。以此作为马克思主义美学中国化的具体成果和实现对马克思主义美学的突破,是行不通的。
 
关键词: 马克思主义;实践观; 存在论; 实践存在论; 中国化
 
 
The theoretical essence and ideological source of
“practical ontology aesthetics”: Our initial answer to a kind of
opposing criticism
 
DONG Xuewen, CHEN Cheng
 
(Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
Department of Philosophy, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China)
 
Abstract: The “practical ontology” is a kind of ontological concept in the research of literature and aesthetics in recent years. This kind of ontological concept misinterprets and extends Marxist practice concept, and then combines the practice category of Marxism with the ontology of Heidegger to construct a new concept. “Practical ontology aesthetics” is based on the “practical ontology” or “subjective practical philosophy”, which is also related to the western “praxis school” and domestic “practical aesthetics”. It’s essence is to use western existential ontology to replace Marxist materialist dialectics and historical materialism. It won’t work neither as a kind of particular sinicization achievement nor as a breakthrough of Marxist aesthetics.
 
Key words: Marxism; practical concept; ontology; “practical ontology”; sinicization
 
 
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