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自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2005年12月第11卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2005)-06-0806-04
 
论《说文解字》中的“从反某”“从到某”
 
    陈立中
 
(湘潭大学文学与新闻学院,湖南湘潭,411105)
 
摘  要: 《说文解字》收录了25例在字形上是另一字的反写或倒写形状的字,其中字形为反写某字的共18例,字形为倒写某字的共7例.这些字的来源大致有两种情况:一是有意识地将某字反写或倒写而创造的新字;一足源自古代的异体字.其意义大致有以下几种类型:(1)描绘与原字所指事物、行为或状态在空间方向上呈相反或相背关系的同类事物、行为或状态;(2)与原字分别描绘同一事物的正反两面形象;(3)新字义是对原字义的完全否定;(4)新字与原字
用以区别形象相似的两种不同事物;(s)新字的意义由原字意义顺衍而来;(6)引申出较为抽象的含义。
 
关键词: 许慎;《说文解字》;“从反某,’;“从到某”
 
 
On the Reversed or Inverted Forms of characters in "Shuowen Jiezi"
 
CHEN Li-zhong
 
(College of Literature and Journalism, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan 411105,  China)
 
Abstract: There are 25 Chinese characters in "Shuowen Jiezi"(说文解字)which are written as reversed or inverted forms of other Chinese characters. Some of them are new characters created consciously while the others are variant forms of ancient Chinese characters. They (1) describe the same thitlgs, behaviors or conditions opposite or contrary to the spatial direction as the original characters describe; (2) describe the images reverse to which the original characters describe; (3) give meanings completely opposite to those of original characters; (4) are used to distinguish similar but different things with the original characters;  (5) give new meanings which are spread out from those of original characters; (6) expand more abstract meanings.
 
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