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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2005年12月第11卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2005)06-0765-06
 
企业创新服务的需求识别
———对“企业规模—创新策略”假说的检验和应用
 
陈艳莹,高琳琳
 
(大连理工大学经济系,辽宁大连, 116023)
 
摘  要: 创新服务机构不能准确识别企业的创新服务需求是导致我国当前创新服务体系低效率的一个主要原因。“企业规模-创新策略”假说认为,企业从事的创新类型与企业规模有关。按照这一思路,本文在现有研究的基础上构造了一个两阶段的博弈模型,分析多产品生产企业间的研发竞争。结果表明,企业规模与创新策略选择之间确实存在对应关系,大企业倾向于从事过程创新,小企业倾向于从事产品创新。因此,政府和其他创新服务结构可根据企业规模这一最易识别的特征判断企业所从事的创新类型,为企业提供差别化的创新服务。
 
关键词: 企业规模;创新服务;需求;产品创新;过程创新
 
 
The demand recognition of firms for innovation service
———The examination and application of
‘firm size-innovative strategy’hypothesis
 
CHEN Yan-ying, GAO Lin-lin
 
(Economics Department, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023,China)
 
Abstract: The current innovation service system in China works inefficiently. One of the key reasons for this is that innovation service agencies don't know what kind of services firms really demand. The‘firm size-innovative strategy’hypothesis tells us that firm size is conductive to innovation choices. According to this hypothesis, we construct a two-step game model to analyze the R&D competition between two multiproduct firms. The analysis shows that firm s innovation choices do relate to the firm size. Big firms prefer process innovation while small ones prefer product innovation. Therefore, government and other innovation service agencies can identify the innovative categories of the firms by the size and provide differential innovation service for each firm.
 
Key words: firm size; innovation service ;demand; product innovation; process innovation
 
 
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