自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2005年12月第11卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览2389次    下载687次   在线阅读653
文章编号:1672-3104(2005)06-0754-05
 
英国竞争主管机构的法律改革及其对我国的启示
 
王健
 
(浙江理工大学法政学院,浙江杭州,310018)
 
摘  要: 英国《2002年企业法》对原来的竞争主管机构进行了全面的改革,强化了它们的独立性,并赋予其广泛的权力。为此,英国新设立了一个独立的主管机构OFT以取代原来的DGFT,并明确将其定性为独立的法律实体。同时,将原来隶属于CC的CCAT独立出来并更名为CAT,使其成为一个新的独立的专家型的处理竞争法律事务的机构,而CC则有了新的任务。此外,法令对于OFT和CC的权力进行了有效的配置,强化了他们的执法权力。为了使竞争事务的决策远离政治,法令对于国务秘书的权力进行了严格限制,其影响力已经大不如前。我国应积极借鉴英国的改革经验,对我国将来的反垄断主管机构进行全新设计,设立高度独立的、强大的反垄断主管机构。
 
关键词: 英国《2002年企业法》;竞争主管机构; OFT; CAT
 
 
The legal reform of U.K competition authority and revelation to China
 
WANG Jian
 
(School of Law, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310018, China)
 
Abstract: Enterprise Act 2002 of U.K instituted a comprehensive reform against former competition authority, which strengthened the independence of authorities and endowed it a broad power. Furthermore,the Act built a new independence authority named OFT in place of DGFT and definitely prescribed the competition authority as an independent legal entity. At the same time, the Act separated CCAT from CC and renamed it CAT, and then CC was given a new task. In addition, the Act collocated effective power for OFT and CC and strengthened their power of executing the law. In order to make competition affairs isolate from politics, the Act strictly restricted the power of the Secretary of State. We should actively learn the experience of the reform of U.K and design a new style of the future authority in China that is an independent and strong antimonopoly organization.
 
Key words: enterprise Act 2002; competition authority; Office of Fair Trading; Competition Appeal Tribunal
 
 
版权所有:《中南大学学报(社会科学版)》编辑部 
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓区麓山南路932号     邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88830141
电子邮箱: znsk@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号-4