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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2005年02月第11卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2005)01-0019-04
 
解读弗洛姆的权威理念
 
仇小敏,王永义
 
(南京大学哲学系,江苏南京,210093)
 
摘  要: 弗洛姆认为权威是一种人与人之间的“符号”和“关系”,其中一种人把另一种人看作是高于自己。他把权威分为公开权威和匿名权威,其中公开权威又可分为合理性的权威和非理性权威。匿名权威是“顺从”和“求同”,它比公开权威更有力量。在现代资本主义社会里,人们无时不在被周围匿名权威所统治。他强调要按照“自由”与“民主”的原则合理地行使权威。
 
关键词: 弗洛姆;权威理念;公开权威;匿名权威
 
 
Unscramble Formm s authority thought
 
QIU Xiao-min, WANG Yong-yi
 
(The Philosophy Department of Nanjing University,Nanjing210093, China)
 
Abstract: Formm considered authority as a“symbol”and“relationship”among man, in which a group looking upon than the other. He divided it into open authority and anonymity authority, the open authority was, in turn, divided rational authority and irrational authority. Anonymity authority was“obedience”and “seeking common”, which was stronger than open authority. In modern capitalist society, the people were ,ruled by Anonymity authority around them all the time. He emphasized that we must reasonably exert authority according to“freedom”and“democracy”.
 
Key words: unsble; Formm; authority thought; open authority; anonymity authority
 
 
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