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自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2009年08月第15卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2009)04-0533-08
 
动态能力的测量及作用:来自中国企业的经验数据
 
林萍
 
(闽江学院 管理系,福建福州,350108)
 
摘  要: 动态能力观认为,在当今动荡环境下,竞争优势来自于动态能力,即企业不断改进、更新、重构资源,形成新的功能能力,使之与外部环境相匹配。然而,动态能力被认为是抽象的概念而不能用于管理实践。因此,研究动态能力的组成内容,并验证其对绩效的作用是有意义的。本文以Teece等的动态能力框架为基础,通过理论分析、文献研究及定性研究,确定组织动态能力的维度为组织学习、整合能力、市场导向、组织柔性和风险防范能力。通过大规模的问卷调查,基于中国地区262家企业的实证研究发现,本研究提出的动态能力构成维度是有效的,在动态能力对绩效的作用中,动态能力各维度的作用是不同的。
 
关键词: 动态能力; 资源重构; 企业绩效
 
 
The Measurement and Effect of the Dynamic Capabilities
——The Empirical Evidence From Chinese Enterprise
 
LIN Ping
 
(Minjiang University, Fuzhou 350108, China)
 
Abstract: According to the dynamic capabilities view, in today's turbulent environments, competitive advantage results from dynamic capacities to continuously improve, innovate, and reconfigure resources to shape new functional competencies that align with the environment. However, dynamic capabilities have been viewed as abstract phenomena not amenable to managerial action. Therefore, it is meaningful to study on the dimensions of dynamic capabilities and test its contribution to the organizational performance. This paper bases on the dynamic capabilities framework of Teece et al’s. Through a theoretical analysis, and literature research and qualitative research, this paper holds that the measuring dimensions of dynamic capabilities are market orientation, organization learning, integrative capabilities, organizational flexibility and risk prevention capability. With 262 valid samples from a large-scale questionnaire survey, the results support the proposed structure of dynamic capabilities and verify the role of dynamic capabilities on performance. The results also suggest that the effects of the dimensions of dynamic capabilities are different.
 
Key words: Dynamic Capabilities; Resource Reconfiguration; Organizational Performance
 
 
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