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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2009年08月第15卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2009)04-0513-05
 
关于被害人承诺有限性之正当性根据考量
 
潘庸鲁
 
(中国人民大学 法学院,北京,100872)
 
摘  要: 被害人承诺尽管是对自身权益的自决放弃,但其权益承诺处分的范域是有限的。而这种有限之设定又具有正当性,其根据源于:一是刑法的公法属性限定了个人自决权的行使范围,即不能突破维护社会秩序和伦理规范所设定的底线;二是人的本质属性即人与人之间的社会连带关系警示个体不能也无法脱离于社会,被害人承诺必须顾及到对社会的影响和导向;三是法的价值理念已由个人本位嬗变于社会本位,这意味着个人自由的持久保障首先要实现社会利益的确保。
 
关键词: 被害人承诺;公法性;社会性;社会本位
 
 
On justness basis of limitations to victim’s promise
 
PAN Yonglu
 
(Law School, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
 
Abstract: Although victim’s promise abandons his/her rights and benefits actively, the scope of this disposition is limited, and the enactment of the limitation has justness. Its basis origins from: first, the attribute of criminal law, which restricts the scope of personal right to self-determination. In other words, it can’t break the underline set by social order and ethical norm. Second, the human essential attribute. Interpersonal relationship of social solidarity cautions attention of not breaking away from the society. Victim’s promise must take into consideration of social influence and guidance. Third, the standard of the rule of law. Social change demonstrates the value of law which has changed from the standard of individual to the standard of society. The precondition of personal freedom is to ensure social benefit firstly.
 
Key words: victim’s promise; public law; sociality; standard of society
 
 
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