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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2009年08月第15卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2009)04-0476-08
 
中印边界冲突时期美国南亚安全政策失败原因探究
 
管银凤
 
(内江师范学院 政法与历史文化学院,四川内江,641112)
 
摘  要: 中印边界战争爆发后,美国改“重巴轻印”为“近印远巴”政策,试图改变印度的不结盟外交政策,同时力促印巴和解,希望在南亚构筑美印巴同盟以遏制中国的包围圈,并防止苏联南下。但由于印巴民族、宗教信仰矛盾根深蒂固、美国南亚安全政策自身矛盾以及英、苏等国的利益因素制约,而以完全失败告终。
 
关键词: 中印边界冲突;美国南亚安全政策;印巴矛盾;克什米尔问题
 
 
An analysis of failure of the South Asian security policy of
the United States during the Sino-Indian border conflict
 
GUAN Yinfeng
 
(Neijiang Normal University, Neijiang 641112, China)
 
Abstract: The Sino-Indian border war broke out, the United States had one change from the previous “heavy attaching great importance to Pakistan while little to India” and took “being close to India and estranged to Pakistan” policy, trying to change India’s non-aligned foreign policy, and exhorted the India-Pakistan reconciliation in the hope that the United States and India and Pakistan in South Asia to build with UNITA to form China’s encirclement, and to prevent the then Soviet Union interference southward. However, due to the India-Pakistan’s deeply rooted conflicts of nationality and religious belief, the United States security policy in South Asia had its own contradictions, and the interest factors of Britain and the then Soviet Union and other countries, which ended in failure of its tentative plan.
 
Key words: The Sino-Indian border conflict; USA South Asian security policy; contradictions between India and Pakistan; the Kashmir issue
 
 
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