自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年07月第27卷第4期
   
本文已被:浏览239次    下载112次   在线阅读87
文章编号:1672-3104(2021)04-0193-10
 
吕留良“奇横”说发微
 
张振谦
 
(暨南大学中文系,广东广州,510632)
 
摘  要: 吕留良在诗文批评中标举“奇横”说,独具识见。“奇横”说针对明末清初熟俗软媚的科举文风而提出,是吕留良遗民思想的艺术表达,代表着一种内心坚持的清高傲世姿态和睥睨外物的气度。“奇横”指作品造意纵横奇放,笔势健拔遒劲,文气肆意流贯的状态,是一种合乎法度的变化之美,可视为诗文的整体风格和审美境界。其审美内涵,包括生新跌宕的章法和意脉、苍劲有力的骨气和平淡自然的风格三个方面。吕留良在诗文创作中师法“奇横”说。他在重释杜诗艺术经验和承继苏轼文论精神的基础上提倡的“奇横”说,对清代及民国诗学和词学批评都产生了深远影响。
 
关键词: 吕留良;奇横;《宋诗钞》;苏轼;杜诗
 
 
The concept of Qi Heng in the Lv Liuliang’s poetry
 
ZHANG Zhenqian
 
(Department of Chinese, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China)
 
Abstract: Lv Liuliang advocates the concept of Qi Heng, which is unique and insightful. Aiming at soft and vulgar folk writing style of imperial examinations in the late Ming and early Qing, the concept of Qi Heng put forward by Lv Liuliang, is the artistic expression of the remnant of his thoughts, representing a kind of noble and lofty attitude with inner insistence and outer contempt. Qi Heng refers to a state in which the literary works are made wild and odd, with their touches being tough, and wanton flow free. It is a kind of beauty of change within legal testimony, and can be regarded as the overall style and the aesthetic realm of poetry. Its aesthetic connotations lie in the three aspects: emergence of new rules and ideas, vigorous and powerful backbone, and the plain and natural style. Lv Liuliang practices Qi Heng in his poetry creation as well. All in all, the concept of Qi Heng he advocates on the basis of re-interpreting artistic experiences of Du Fu's poetry and Su Shi's literary spirit has exerted a profound impact on the poetics and Ci criticism in the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China.
 
Key words: Lv Liuliang; Qi Heng; Selected Poems of Song Dynasty; Su Shi; Du Fu's poetry
 
 
版权所有:《中南大学学报(社会科学版)》编辑部 
地 址:湖南省长沙市岳麓区麓山南路932号     邮编: 410083
电 话: 0731-88830141
电子邮箱: znsk@csu.edu.cn 湘ICP备09001153号-4