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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年07月第27卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2021)04-0154-14
 
地位竞争阻抑道德型领导影响员工亲社会行为的实证研究
 
赵书松1,王韵茹1,胡瑾1,赵君2
 
(1. 中南大学公共管理学院,湖南长沙,410075;
2. 中南财经政法大学公共管理学院,湖北武汉,430073)
 
摘  要: 基于社会交换理论,构建了被中介的调节效应理论模型,揭示出员工地位竞争和领导-成员道德基础差异性阻抑道德型领导影响员工亲社会行为的机制。根据企业的205份领导和员工三时点配对样本数据的研究发现,道德型领导通过领导-成员交换关系间接影响员工亲社会行为的过程并非自然而充分,地位竞争和领导-成员道德基础差异性不仅都显著抑制道德型领导对领导-成员交换关系的影响,而且也显著抑制领导-成员交换关系对道德型领导与员工亲社会行为之间关系的中介效应;员工地位竞争对道德型领导影响员工亲社会行为的抑制效应,主要是通过员工-领导道德基础差异性的中介作用而得以实现。
 
关键词: 员工地位竞争;道德基础差异性;亲社会行为;道德型领导;领导-成员交换关系
 
 
Empirical study on how the status competition inhibits the influence of ethical leadership on employees’ pro-social behavior
 
ZHAO Shusong1, WANG Yunru1, HU Jin1, ZHAO Jun2
 
(1. School of Public Administration, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Public Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073 ,China)
 
Abstract: Based on the social exchange theory, a theoretical model of meditated moderation is constructed to reveal the mechanism of action that employees’ status competition and leader-employee moral foundations difference inhibit the influence of ethical leadership on employees’ pro-social behavior. According to the 205 sets of matched sample data at three points of leaders and employees from a manufacturing enterprise, it is found that the process is not natural and sufficient for ethical leadership to indirectly influence employees' pro-social behaviors through leader-member exchange, that the status competition and leader-employee moral foundations difference significantly inhibit both the influence of ethical leadership on leader-member exchange relationship and the mediating effect of leader-member exchange on the relationship between ethical leadership and employees’ pro-social behaviors, and that it is through the mediating effect of the leader-employee moral foundations difference that the status competition inhibits the influence of the ethical leadership on employees’ pro-social behaviors.
 
Key words: status competition; moral foundations difference; prosocial behavior; ethical leadership; leader-member exchange
 
 
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