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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年07月第27卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2021)04-0111-17
 
财政分权制度、市场分割同群效应与产能过剩
 
洪正,谢漾
 
(西南财经大学中国金融研究中心,四川成都,611130)
 
摘  要: 改革进程中的分权制度诱发的地方政府竞争和市场分割行为,以及由此而引发的产能过剩和效率下降的矛盾,已成为困扰宏观经济发展的顽症之一。通过构建财政分权-市场分割-产能过剩的分析框架,引入社会行为学的同群效应视角,研究财政分权制度、地方市场分割行为策略对产能过剩的影响机理和效应,并基于省际面板数据和动态空间Durbin模型进行实证验证。研究结论表明,财政分权制度加剧了地方市场分割行为;地方政府市场分割行为不但表现为“以邻为壑”的竞争行为,更具有“相互学习”和“政策模仿”的同群效应。其中,落后地区的市场分割,以及市场分割的同群效应更为明显;财政分权、市场分割及其同群效应程度显著影响产能过剩。研究结论为研究中国分权制度背景下的地方政府行为特征及其对中国产能过剩的影响提供了新的视角和经验证据。
 
关键词: 产能过剩;财政分权;市场分割;同群效应
 
 
Fiscal decentralization system, grouping effect in market segmentation and overcapacity
 
HONG Zheng, XIE Yang
 
(Institute of Chinese Finance Studies, Southwest University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China)
 
Abstract: The decentralization system in the process of reform has induced local government competition, market segmentation behavior and the resulting contradiction between overcapacity and efficiency decline, and has become one of the persistent ailments of macroeconomic development. This study, by constructing an analytical framework of fiscal decentralization market segmentation overcapacity, introduces the perspective of the same grouping effect of social behavior to study the influence mechanism and effect of fiscal decentralization system and local market segmentation behavior strategy on overcapacity, and carries out empirical verification based on provincial panel data and dynamic spatial Durbin model. The results show that fiscal decentralization aggravates the behavior of local market segmentation, that the market segmentation behavior of the local government manifests not only the competitive behavior of "benefiting oneself at others’ cost", but also the same grouping effect of "mutual learning" and "policy imitation". Among them, the market segmentation and its grouping effect in backward areas are more obvious, and fiscal decentralization and market segmentation (same grouping effect) significantly affect overcapacity. These conclusions provide a new perspective and some evidences for the study of the characteristics of local government behavior and its impact on Chinese-style overcapacity in the background of Chinese-style decentralization system.
 
Key words: overcapacity; fiscal decentralization; market segmentation; grouping effect
 
 
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