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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年07月第27卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2021)04-0069-12
 
《监察法》“互相配合,互相制约”原则的明确及展开
 
崔凯
 
(武汉大学法学院,湖北武汉,430205)
 
摘  要: “互相配合,互相制约”是宪法对监察工作与刑事诉讼的共同要求,《刑事诉讼法》将其确立为基本原则,监察法立法和学理却没有明示。“互相配合,互相制约”应当是《监察法》的基本原则,这是法律开放性特征的体现,也是监察监督体系的重要组成部分,更是遵循宪法规范和监察工作规律的必然要求。承认国家权力的平等性是合理展开配合与制约原则的理论前提,在具体策略上,应当淡化监察权运作的特殊性,尽量在既有立法和理论框架内解决监察机关融入刑事诉讼的程序问题。立法应当细化配合条款,同时适当扩张解释公诉权的影响力,增加制约措施,探索打破对监察制约乏力僵局的新手段。
 
关键词: 配合;制约;监察权;公诉权
 
 
Clarification and development of the principle of "cooperation and restriction" in The Supervision Law
 
CUI Kai
 
(School of Law, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430205, China)
 
Abstract: “Mutual coordinating and mutual checking" is the common requirement of the constitution for both supervision work and criminal litigation, established as a basic principle in The Criminal Procedure Law, but not clarified in the legislation and stimulation of the supervision law. But “mutual coordinating and mutual checking" should be the basic principle of The Supervision Law. This manifests the basic requirement of the openness of the law and constitutes an important part of the supervision system on the supervisory power, and most importantly, is the need of regularity of supervision and the constitutional norms. To admit the equality of state power is the theoretical premise of reasonably developing the principle of “cooperation and restriction”. In terms of specific strategies, we should reduce the particularity of supervision power and solve the procedure problem of supervision agency being integrated into criminal litigation on the basis of legislation and within the theoretic framework of the criminal litigation. In legislation, we should stipulate detailed cooperation articles. Meanwhile, we should attempt appropriate expansion into the influence of explaining the right of public prosecution, increase restriction measures in litigation to explore a new way pf breaking the impasse of weak supervision restriction.
 
Key words: cooperation; restriction; supervision power; public prosecution
 
 
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