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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2021年07月第27卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2021)04-0060-09
 
错觉论证:感觉材料论与析取论的交锋
 
骆长捷
 
(天津外国语大学欧美文化哲学研究所,天津,300204)
 
摘  要: 20世纪的错觉论证和当代幻觉论证都试图说明,错觉、幻觉与真实知觉之间没有本质区别。这些论证在为感觉材料论提供支持的同时,也对朴素实在论提出了挑战。为此,朴素实在论者发展出析取论,以解释错觉与真实知觉的差异。进而,围绕因果-幻觉论证,析取论者马丁与感觉材料论者罗宾森展开了理论交锋。通过分析可知,因果-幻觉论证虽然对析取论造成了某种威胁,但不足以驳倒这一理论。
 
关键词: 错觉论证;因果-幻觉论证;感觉材料论;析取论
 
 
Argument from illusion: A debate between sense-data theory and disjunctive theory
 
LUO Changjie
 
(Institute of European & American Philosophy and Culture, Tianjin Foreign Studies University, Tianjing 300204, China)
 
Abstract: Both the argument from illusion in the twentieth century and the argument from hallucination in the contemporary try to prove that there is no essential difference between illusion or hallucination and our veridical perception. These arguments are well supportive to the sense-data theory, but have posed serious challenges to the naive realism. In order to explain the difference between veridical perception and illusion, the naive realism proposed and developed disjunctive theory. Further on, revolving around causal-hallucinatory argument, M. G. F. Martin, an advocate of disjunctive theory, launched a theoretic confrontation with sense-data theorist Howard Robinson. Through analysis, it can be known that causal-hallucinatory argument, although posing certain threat to disjunctive theory, is yet not enough to refute it.
 
Key words: argument from illusion; causal-hallucinatory argument; sense-data theory; disjunctive theory
 
 
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