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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年11月第26卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2020)06-0207-09
 
孟治与民国时期的中美文化交流
 
陈倩
 
(中国人民大学文学院,北京,100872)
 
摘  要: 原纽约华美协进社社长孟治作为五四运动的学生领袖、中国最早赴美的留学生之一,为20世纪20年代至60年代的中美交流做出了卓越贡献。遗憾的是,这样一位至关重要的文化使者却被历史遗忘,除了胡适等少数名人的随笔、回忆录、书信集中偶有提及,他在文化史上几乎已然销声匿迹。根据华美协进社内部出版的孟治英文回忆录以及现藏于华美协进社、哥伦比亚大学等处的档案材料,结合当时的新闻报道,试从三个侧面揭示此人在民国时期中美交流史上的重要地位,以及当时的民间文化机构在双边关系中的桥梁作用。
 
关键词: 孟治;华美协进社;民国;中美关系;文化交流
 
 
Meng Chih and Sino-US cultural exchanges in the Republic of China
 
CHEN Qian
 
(School of Liberal Arts, Renmin University, Beijing 100872, China)
 
Abstract: Meng Chih, the former president of China Institute in America, a student leader in the May 4th Movement and one of earliest Chinese exchange students who studied in the United States, made outstanding contributions to Sino-US exchanges from the 1920s to the 1960s. Unfortunately, such a vital cultural messenger has long been forgotten by the history. Except occasionally recorded in diaries, essays, memoirs and letters by a few celebrities such as Hu Shi, he almost entirely faded away from academic research. According to Meng Chih's English memoirs published by China Institute in America, some relevant historical materials preserved in China Institute, the Columbia University and other places, in combination with news reports at that time, this paper attempts to reveal his important role in the history of the Republic of China and the bridging role of folk culture organizations in bilateral relations.
 
Key words: Meng Chih; China Institute in America; the Republic of China; China-US relationship; cultural exchanges
 
 
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