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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年11月第26卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2020)06-0062-13
 
《民法典》知识产权条款立法研究——兼论“民商知合一”立法体例的构建
 
刘强,孙青山
 
(中南大学法学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 我国《民法典》知识产权条款链接立法模式属于知识产权立法的体系化路径。在该立法模式中,知识产权链接条款包括狭义链接条款和广义链接条款,与知识产权单行法律相结合形成“点—线—面”的法律规范体系布局,能够克服立法技术和立法成本的障碍。《民法典》构建了“民商知合一”立法体例,形成了民法、商法和知识产权法的紧密互动和有机融合,体现了知识产权法与商法在调整对象、价值导向、法律原则、制度规则和立法技术等方面的共通性。在此立法体例下,《民法典》各分编知识产权条款可以在知识产权质押、知识产权用尽、转让不破许可、惩罚性赔偿等方面进行完善,促进知识产权立法的体系化构建。
 
关键词: 民法典;知识产权条款;链接;民商知合一;体系化
 
 
Research on legislation of intellectual property clauses in The Civil Code: Also on the construction of the legislative system of “unification of civil law, commercial law and intellectual property law”
 
LIU Qiang, SUN Qingshan
 
(School of Law, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: In The Civil Code of China, the legislative mode with the link of intellectual property clauses belongs to the systematic path of intellectual property legislation. In this legislative mode, the linking clauses of intellectual property rights include narrow linking clauses and broad linking clauses, and combine with separate laws of intellectual property rights to form a “point-line-plane” legal norms system layout, which can overcome the obstacles from legislative technology and legislative cost. The Civil Code constructs the legislative system of “unification of civil law, commercial law and intellectual property law”, which forms the close interaction and organic integration of civil law, commercial law and intellectual property law, and embodies the commonality of intellectual property law and commercial law in the fields of the adjustment object, the value orientation, the legal principle, the regime of rules and the legislation technology. Under this legislative system, the intellectual property clauses in the various specific parts of The Civil Code can be improved in the aspects of pledge of intellectual property rights, exhaustion of intellectual property rights, transfer without breaking license and punitive damages, so as to promote the systematic construction of the intellectual property legislation.
 
Key words: The Civil Code; intellectual property clauses; link; unification of civil law, commercial law and intellectual property law; systematic
 
 
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