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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年05月第26卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2020)03-0197-07
 
汉语正反同义构式的认知研究——以“VP之前”与“没有VP之前”为例
 
彭懿,张雪莹
 
(湖南师范大学外国语学院,湖南长沙,410081)
 
摘  要: 构式语法与概念整合理论可用于分析以“VP之前”与“没有VP之前”为例的正反同义构式,包括:① “没有VP之前”构式的形成与构式义;② “没有VP之前”构式的生成机制,也就是“VP之前”与“没有VP之前”可以互换的认知理据;③正反同义构式语用动机及互换问题。“没有VP之前”是由语义相似的“没有VP”与“VP之前”两个正反结构进行概念整合而成,因此,“没有VP之前”与“VP之前”能够互换;二者的语义和语用功能差异则导致了各自使用的差别。
 
关键词: 正反同义构式;“VP之前”;“没有VP之前”;构式语法;概念整合
 
 
Cognitive research into Chinese positive and negative synonymous constructions: Take “VP zhi qian(之前)” and “mei you(没有)VP zhi qian(之前)” as an example
 
PENG Yi, ZHANG Xueying
 
(Foreign Studies College, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China)
 
Abstract: Theories of constructional grammar and conceptual blending can be applied to analyzing positive and negative synonymous constructions such as "VP zhi qian(之前)" and "mei you(没有)VP zhi qian(之前)", including: ① formation and constructional meaning of the construction "mei you(没有)VP zhi qian (之前)"; ② the generation mechanism of the construction, "mei you (没有) VP zhi qian(之前)", that is, cognitive motivations of the interchangeability between "VP zhi qian (之前)" and "mei you (没有) VP zhi qian (之前)"; ③ the pragmatic motivation of positive and negative synonymous constructions as well as question of limited interchangeability. The construction of "mei you (没有) VP zhi qian (之前)” is integrated and blended from the two positive and negative constructions of "mei you (没有) VP” and “VP zhi qian (之前)” which share similar semantic meanings so that "mei you (没有) VP” and “VP zhi qian (之前)”are interchangeable and that semantic and pragmatic functional differences between the two constructions lead to their respective usages.
 
Key words: positive and negative synonymous constructions; VP zhi qian (之前); mei you (没有) VP zhi qian (之前); constructional grammar; conceptual blending
 
 
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