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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年05月第26卷第3期
   
本文已被:浏览487次    下载222次   在线阅读183
文章编号:1672-3104(2020)03-0181-08
 
社团的政治性与社团性政治——政治社会视野下的中古晚期英国城市政治
 
刘涛
 
(郑州大学历史学院,河南郑州,450001)
 
摘  要: 政治与社会的交融同样存在于中古晚期英国城市社会生活和政治活动中,相关研究不能顾此失彼。中古晚期英国市民身份有多位一体的特点。这种特性,一方面让市民之外的其他城市居民能够在城市社会生活中接触到政治,由此,后人无论是以广义政治还是以狭义政治概念去审视城市社会,都能发现其所具有的较为鲜明的“政治”色彩;另一方面,它还使得中古晚期英国城市在处理内外政治事务时呈现出较为明显的“社团”色彩。可见,中古晚期英国城市政治是一种趋向于对内开放的政治,尚未进入寡头阶段。
 
关键词: 政治社会史;中古晚期;英国;城市政治;社团
 
 
Politics in social groups and politics with features of social groups: On urban politics in the late medieval England from the politico-social perspective
 
LIU Tao
 
(School of History, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China)
 
Abstract: The mingling of politics with society existed likewise in the social life and political activities in late medieval English towns, which reminds researchers on English urban history that they should not neglect the other when attending to one. Many-in-one feature of every English citizen's identity not only allowed other urban residents apart from townspeople to gain access to politics in urban social life. Therefore, later generations, whether surveying urban society in general sense or in narrow sense about politics, can always find some distinctive political overtones in late medieval English urban social life. On the other hand, the feature also rendered late medieval English urban cities manifest relatively obvious touch of "social groups" in dealing with both domestic and foreign affairs in politics. Hence, it can be seen that in the late Middle Ages, English urban politics was a kind of politics that tended to be open to the domestic, and had not yet entered the oligarchic stage.
 
Key words: politico-social history; the late Middle Ages; England; urban politics; social groups
 
 
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