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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年05月第26卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2020)03-0164-09
 
中国现代“女性自由”主题话剧中的多重话语
 
李星辰
 
(北京师范大学文学院,北京,100875)
 
摘  要: 以“女性自由”为主题的中国现代话剧中始终交织着错综复杂的多重话语,显示出“女性自由”问题的特殊性及其在话语实践层面遭遇的多重困境:观念冲突、利益矛盾与历史惯性作用下社会舆论的误解、压制和污名化,造成对“女性自由”的围困;男性“同盟者”关于“女性自由”的言说在“启蒙”与“协助”女性的同时,也包含着欲望、权力与规训等隐蔽意图的话语策略,其内在矛盾与混乱为“女性自由”的实现造成另一种困境;女性主体的话语空间仍然极为有限,女性的失语与发声皆指向“女性自由”话语自身的盲点。中国现代“女性自由”主题话剧通过对多重话语的再现,呈现出宏大叙事遮蔽的隐微历史图景,以此为对象的话语分析则是对话语围困的突围、对言说策略的拆解以及对其内在矛盾的反思。
 
关键词: 女性自由;中国现代话剧;话语
 
 
The multiple discourses in modern Chinese stage drama with the theme of “female freedom”
 
LI Xingchen
 
(School of Chinese Language and Literature, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
 
Abstract: Modern Chinese stage plays with the theme of "female freedom" have been intricately interwoven with multiple discourses, showing the particularity of “female freedom” theme and multiple dilemmas encountered by its practice. Among them, the first dilemma is the siege of female freedom resulting from misunderstanding, suppression and stigmatization in public opinion caused by ideological confrontation, conflicts in interests as well as historical inertia. Second, the discourse of the male “allies”, while "enlightening" and "assisting" females to fight for freedom, also contains discourse strategies with hidden intentions of satisfying desires, power and discipline, whose internal contradictions and confusions create another dilemma for the realization of female freedom. Third, both the aphasia and vocalization of the female revealed the blind spot of "female freedom" discourse itself although the discourse space of female subjects is still quite limited. Modern Chinese stage plays with the theme of "female freedom", by reliving multiple discourses, present the micro historical pictures covered by macro narratives. Discourse analysis with these multiple discourses as the object of study is to break the siege of discourses, to disentangle its strategies and to reflect on its internal contradictions.
 
Key words: female freedom; modern Chinese stage drama; discourses
 
 
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