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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2020年05月第26卷第3期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2020)03-0102-10
 
技术特征、市场环境与新兴技术创新网络的初始结构——基于探索性多案例研究
 
曹兴1,2,罗会华1
 
(1. 中南大学商学院,湖南长沙,410083;
2. 湖南第一师范学院商学院,湖南长沙,410205)
 
摘  要: 新兴技术商业化过程中,率先研发企业在研发、市场化等层面上的合作行为导致初始的创新网络结构呈不同形态。采用探索性多案例研究法,通过实地访谈等方式收集4类典型新兴技术的背景资料,从新兴技术率先研发企业所面临的技术特征和市场环境着手,分析其所面临的技术研发属性和市场竞争属性。研究发现:率先研发企业面临技术研发难度低和市场竞争强度低的情景时,倾向于选择独自研发和推动市场化,导致独享创新网络权力,形成单核心创新网络。面临技术研发难度高和市场竞争强度低的情景时,倾向于选择合作创新;面临技术研发难度低和市场竞争强度高的情景时,倾向于选择合作推动市场化;面临技术研发难度高和市场竞争强度高的情景时,倾向于选择合作创新与合作推动市场化,以上三种情景均可能导致创新网络权力分散在不同的组织,形成多核心创新网络。
 
关键词: 多核心创新网络;新兴技术;合作策略性行为;网络权力
 
 
Technical characteristics, market environment and initial structure of emerging technology innovation network: Based on exploratory multi case study
 
CAO Xing, LUO Huihua
 
(1. School of Business, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. School of Business, Hunan First Normal University, Changsha 410205, China)
 
Abstract: In the process of commercialization of emerging technologies, the cooperative behaviors of the leading enterprises at the level of R & D and marketization lead to different initial innovation network structures. Based on the exploratory multi case study method, the paper collected the background information of four types of typical emerging technologies through on-the-spot interviews, analyzed the technical characteristics and market environment faced by the leading enterprises of emerging technologies, and clarified the technical R & D attributes and market competition attributes. The research finds that when the leading enterprises face the situation of low difficulty in R & D and low intensity of market competition, they tend to choose independent R & D and promote marketization, resulting in exclusive innovation network power and forming a single core innovation network. When facing the situation of high difficulty in R & D and low intensity of market competition, they tend to choose cooperative innovation; when facing the situation of low difficulty in R & D and high intensity of market competition, they tend to choose cooperation to promote marketization; when facing the situation of high difficulty in R & D and high intensity of market competition, they tend to choose cooperative innovation and cooperation to promote marketization. The above three scenarios may lead to the decentralization of innovation network power in different organizations and the formation of multi-core innovation network.
 
Key words: multi-core innovation network; emerging technology; cooperative strategic behavior; network power
 
 
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