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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年11月第25卷第6期
   
本文已被:浏览415次    下载171次   在线阅读130
文章编号:1672-3104(2019)06-0136-10
 
社会组织理性化实践及其制度根源:一项长时段案例研究
 
宋程成
 
(华东师范大学公共管理学院,上海,200062)
 
摘  要: 社会组织的理性化现象,可被视为是源自商业领域的管理主义逻辑塑造组织内部管理实践、并迫使其在结构上趋向“企业化”的一系列过程及其结果。通过对浙江省杭州市M组织在养老服务领域14年发展历程的纵向追踪发现:制度环境的复杂性以及制度逻辑的演变是社会组织理性化发展的重要根源;场域内各个制度逻辑通过影响组织形式(治理结构和权力分布),来制约或促进组织内部管理结构的理性化程度及其与实际行为之间的“耦合”度;在这个过程中,管理人员的组织认同也会有所转变,并对组织吸纳理性化要素有所影响。综合上述发现,从组织基础的角度,就公益“新前沿”的前景进行探讨。
 
关键词: 制度环境;社会组织;变迁;理性化
 
 
Nonprofit rationalization and its institutional origin: A longitudinal case study
 
SONG Chengcheng
 
(School of Public Administration, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China)
 
Abstract: The phenomenon of social organization rationalization can be considered as a series of procedures and its results of managerial practice which is originated from the managerial logic in business world to shape the internal managerial practice, hence forced to run the enterprise on a commercial scale in its structure. Built on a long-term longitudinal observation of an eldercare service institution, M organization in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province in the past 14 years, this study finds that the complexity of institutional environment and the evolvement of institutional logic are the major causes for the development of social organizational rationalization. Besides, the study also shows that various institutional logics in the field, by ways of affecting organizational forms, governance structure and power distribution, will either constrain or contribute to the rationalization degree of internal managerial structure, and its match with reality, and that in this progress, the institutional identity of the management may be transformed, which may influence the rationalization factors of institutional intake. Judging from the above findings, the study explores from the perspective of institutional basis into the prospect for “New Frontiers of Philanthropy.”
 
Key words: institutional environment; organization; organizational change; rationalization
 
 
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