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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年11月第25卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2019)06-0106-12
 
城乡家庭能源消费对比与影响因素——以浙江省为例
 
谢伦裕1,陈飞2,相晨曦1
 
(1. 中国人民大学应用经济学院,北京,100872;
2. 国网浙江省电力有限公司经济技术研究院,浙江杭州,310008)
 
摘  要: 随着经济社会的不断发展,家庭能源消费逐渐成为能源消费的主要增长点之一。基于2017年浙江省入户调查微观数据,估算家庭能源消费,从数量和结构两个角度对比城乡家庭用能差异,并进一步分析影响城乡用能的因素。研究发现:浙江省整体电气化水平较高;乡村家庭在烹饪、电视机和照明上的用能远高于城镇家庭;收入、常住人口、住房面积、地形特征等因素对城乡用能有显著影响,但效果不同甚至相反。基于以上发现,建议从推进乡村炊事和供暖转型、提高节能意识、完善城乡建设等方面改善浙江省家庭用能结构,实现城乡协调发展。
 
关键词: 能源消费总量;能源消费结构;影响因素;城乡差异
 
 
Urban and rural residential energy consumption and the determinants: Evidences from Zhejiang Province
 
XIE Lunyu1, CHEN Fei2, XIANG Chenxi1
 
(1. School of Applied Economics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China;
2. State Grid Zhejiang Economic Research Institute, Hangzhou 310008, China)
 
Abstract: As the economic society keeps developing, residential energy consumption has become one of the main growth points of energy consumption in China. Based on the Zhejiang household survey data in 2017, we compare the disparities of energy consumption between urban and rural households from the perspectives of quantity and structure, and go on deeper to analyze the determinants of residential energy consumption. We find that Zhejiang's overall electrification level is high, that rural residential energy consumption is higher than that of the urban, mainly due to the energy use differences in cooking, TV and lighting, and that income, household scale, residence size and topographical characteristics are factors significantly affecting residential energy use, but they have different effects on urban and rural households. Based on the findings, we suggest that more attention should be paid to rural cooking and heating transition, raising awareness of energy conservation and improving urban and rural infrastructure, in order to achieve coordinated urban and rural development.
 
Key words: total sum of energy consumption; energy consumption structure; influencing factors; urban-rural disparity
 
 
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