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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年11月第25卷第6期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2019)06-0027-07
 
《史记》入集的篇章考察与文体学意义
 
汪雯雯,蒋旅佳
 
(陕西师范大学文学院,陕西西安,710119)
 
摘  要: 伴随对文道关系的讨论以及古文地位的提升,南宋以来文章学兴盛,《史记》开始进入文章总集。通过节录、全篇摘录或重构《史记》文章,使之呈现新的篇目形态,《史记》入集这一过程体现了各时期各位选编者深层的文章学观念。文道统一结合、《史记》的行文技巧、内涵义理,是《史记》入集的重要接受维度。编纂者通过文体分类或归类,彰显了《史记》“传状”“赞”“世表”等文体的开创性和示范性意义;围绕具体文体的正变问题展开辨析,也体现了一定的文体观念,折射出相关的文学生态环境。《史记》进入文章总集而被多维接受,是《史记》最终成为文学经典的重要助推力。
 
关键词: 《史记》;文章总集;篇制形态;文章接受;文体学意义
 
 
Acceptance of articles on Shiji into anthology and the meaning of the study on its stylistics
 
WANG Wenwen, JIANG Lvjia
 
(School of Language and Literature, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China)
 
Abstract: With the increasing discussion of the relation between literature and moral as well as the improvement of the status of ancient prose, article study had been prevalent since the Southern Song Dynasty and Shiji had begun to be accepted into anthology of articles. By selecting, excerpting or reconstructing articles on Shiji so that they can manifest themselves in new article form, the whole process of accepting Shiji into anthology is entrusted with the deeper conceptions of article study of various compilers at different periods. Combining literature and moral in Shiji, its writing techniques and intrinsic guidelines for writing historical annals, are all important acceptance dimensions of accepting Shiji into anthology. By classifying and cataloging of the article style, the compilers stressed the groundbreaking and demonstrative significance of such styles as biography (Zhuanzhuang), the argumentation (Lunzan) and the pedigree chart (Shibiao). They specifically centered around the original version and variation of a specific article to embody certain concepts of styles, reflect some relevant ecological surrounding of literature. Articles on Shiji’s were accepted into anthology and its multidimensional understanding, turned out to be important drive force for Shiji to be a literature classic.
 
Key words: Shiji; article anthology; editing form; the acceptance of articles; the meaning of stylistics
 
 
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