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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2019年01月第25卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2019)01-0147-07
 
社会资本对风险的社会放大的阻抑作用研究
 
高山,李维民,凌双
 
(中南大学公共管理学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 快速现代化的进程往往是社会风险集聚的过程,风险信息经由社会系统持续扩散转移,形成风险的社会放大效应。既有研究未关注到社会资本对风险的社会放大的作用,鲜有将社会资本与风险演化联系起来进行系统分析。引入成熟的社会资本理论,文章从社会网络、社会制度和社会认知三个维度建构分析框架,阐释社会资本与风险的社会放大的逻辑联系,认为社会资本对风险的社会放大具有阻抑作用:关系性社会资本形成“网络阻抑”;制度性社会资本形成“结构阻抑”;文化性社会资本形成“认同阻抑”。三重阻抑的启示有助于理解社会资本对风险的社会放大全过程的理论检视,为未来研究打开实证分析空间。
 
关键词: 社会资本;风险的社会放大;理论考察;阻抑作用
 
 
Research on the inhibitory effect of social capital on the social amplification of risk
 
GAO Shan, LI Weimin, LING Shuang
 
(School of Public Administration, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: The process of the rapid modernization tends to be one in which social risks accumulate. In this process, risk information is being continuously diffused and transferred through the social system, hence forming the social amplification of risks. Either the previous researches have not given attention to the effect of social capital on the society amplification of risk, or there are few systematic analyses of combining social capital and risk evolution. The present essay, by introducing the mature theory of social capital, attempts to construct the analysis framework from such three dimensions as social network, social system and social cognition, and elucidate the logical relationship between social capital and the society amplification of risk. What is more, the present study concludes that social capital exerts inhibitory effect on the social amplification of risk as shown in the following: relationship-based social capital forms network inhibition, system-based social capital forms structural inhibition, and culture-based social capital forms "identify suppression". The revelation of the above triple suppression is crucial to understanding the theoretical review of social capital on social amplification of risk, hence opening up an empirical analysis space for future research.
 
Key words: social capital; social amplification of risk; theoretical investigation; inhibitory effect
 
 
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