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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2018年07月第24卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2018)04-0171-11
 
天台宗僧诗创作传统考论
 
张艮
 
(赣南师范大学文学院,江西赣州,341000)
 
摘  要: 唐宋时期,天台宗形成了不同于禅宗的独特的僧诗创作传统。首先,天台宗诗僧有着文人化的生活方式,诗歌则充满世俗化的内容,不同于禅宗诗偈;其次,天台宗诗僧喜用五言律诗,注意锤炼中间二联,禅宗僧人则喜用杂言和七绝来表达参禅的感悟;再次,天台宗僧诗表达的情绪往往极为节制,多显得灰寒和冷寂,而禅宗偈颂多张扬、热烈。天台宗僧诗创作传统长期被遮蔽,一方面是因为天台宗智 之后的一段历史被误解,导致此一时期众多诗僧的天台宗背景被人们忽略;另一方面是因为禅宗的兴起影响了人们对天台宗的关注,使得学界对僧诗中的“禅”字以及禅意产生了误读。从佛教宗派角度出发,考察天台宗的僧诗创作传统,既可以揭示和避免佛教文学研究中存在的不足,又能还原天台宗的僧诗创作在文学史上的本来面貌。
 
关键词: 天台宗;僧诗;诗僧;创作传统
 
 
On the poetry creation tradition of Tiantai Sect
 
ZHANG Gen
 
(School of Literature, Gannan Normal University, Jianxi 341000, China)
 
Abstract: During the Tang and Song Dynasties, Tiantai Sect formed a unique Buddhist poetry writing tradition that differs from Zen. Their tradition manifests three characteristics. First, Tiantai Sect advocates the literati's way of life, and their poetry is full of secular contents, unlike Zen poetry. Secondly, Tiantai Sect prefers the five-character octave with emphasis on the two verse lines in the middle, while Zen monks prefer confessions and quatrains to express the sentiments of Zen. Thirdly,Tiantai Sect expresses its emotions in an extremely restricted way, often grey and cold, while the Buddhist hymn of Zen is becoming more prominent and warm. The tradition of the poetry creation of the Tiantai Sect has long been obscured, because on the one hand, a certain period of history after Zhiyi of Tiantai Sect was misunderstood, which led to the negligence of the Tiantai Sect background of many poets during this period. On the other hand, the rise of Zen influences people’s attention to Tiantai Sect, which made the academia misunderstand the "Zen" in the poems. From the perspective of Buddhist sects, the study on the poetry creation tradition of Tiantai Sect can not only reveal and avoid the deficiencies in the study of Buddhist literature, but also restore the original facet of poetry creation of Tiantai Sect in the history of literature.
 
Key words: Tiantai Sect; monk poems; monk poet; poetic creation tradition
 
 
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