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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2018年07月第24卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2018)04-0061-09
 
生态修复市场化的法理解构与困境突围
 
康京涛
 
(江西师范大学政法学院,江西南昌,330022)
 
摘  要: 作为一种新型的环境治理方式,生态修复市场化在国家法律政策中予以明确,实践中呈现出“政企合作”与“企企合作”的运行模式。生态修复市场化的“政企合作”模式打破了传统环境治理的单一政府管制而转变为公私合作,“企企合作”模式将污染者承担生态修复行为(行为责任)转变为向第三方修复企业支付修复费用(经济责任)。受制于当前我国生态修复市场化的法治不完善,生态修复市场化面临着生态修复行业的专业化程度不高、监督管理不畅、责任界定不清等障碍。法律作为有效且重要的社会调控机制,应从生态修复市场化的制度规范、监督体系、责任分配三个维度予以完善。
 
关键词: 生态修复市场化;公私合作;制度规范;监督管理;责任界定
 
 
The legal analysis and predicament breakthrough for the marketization of ecological restoration
 
KANG Jingtao
 
(College of Political Science and Law, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China)
 
Abstract: As a new type of environmental governance, the marketization of ecological rehabilitation is clearly stipulated in the national legal policies, and in practice, it is manifested by the operation mode of “cooperation between government and enterprises” and “cooperation between enterprises and enterprises”. The mode of “cooperation between government and enterprises” breaks the traditional environmental governance of the sole control by the government, and convert to “public-private partnerships”, while the mode of “cooperation between enterprises and enterprises” transfers the ecological restoration behavior from the polluters (behavioral responsibility) to the third party (economic responsibility). Being subjected to its imperfect law in our country, the marketization of ecological restoration is faced with such obstacles as lack of specialization, poor supervision, and unclear liability. Therefore, law should function as effective and important social regulating mechanism, perfecting itself from the following three dimensions: institutional regulation in the marketization of ecological restoration, system of supervision and control, and liability distribution.
 
Key words: the marketization of ecological restoration; public private partnerships; institutional rules; supervision and control; liability distribution
 
 
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