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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2018年07月第24卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2018)04-0052-09
 
地方性法规设定行政处罚的抵触判断
 
苗壮
 
(厦门大学法学院,福建厦门,361005)
 
摘  要: 地方性法规中关于行政处罚的设定,是“不抵触、有特色、可操作”三大地方立法原则在行政处罚领域的具体化和重要体现。以受行政处罚的行为、种类和幅度为分类依据,可将地方性法规改变上位法中行政处罚的规定分为12种情形。地方立法机关在不超越其法定权限的前提下,需结合地方立法所发挥的不同作用以及上位法规定的完备程度,始得对此12种情形进行抵触与否的判断,而非单纯将“严格形式主义”作为判断标准。从整体上减少地方性法规设定行政处罚发生抵触的可能性,需同时从中央和地方两个层面着手。
 
关键词: 地方性法规;行政处罚;抵触;判断标准
 
 
Conflict judgment of the administrative penalty set by local regulations
 
MIAO Zhuang
 
(School of Law, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)
 
Abstract: The formulation of administrative penalties in local laws and regulations is the embodiment and important manifestation of such legislative principles as “non-conflicting, distinctive and operable” in the field of administrative punishment. Judging from the behavior, type and magnitude of the administrative penalties, the local laws and regulations that change the administrative penalty in the above-mentioned law can be divided into 12 kinds. The local legislature, on condition of not exceeding its statutory authority, needs to, before judging whether these 12 kinds of situations are contradictory, take into account the different roles played by the local legislature and the degree of completeness prescribed by the above-mentioned laws, rather than simply taking "strict Formalism" as the judgment criterion. Therefore, it needs undertaking from levels of both the central government and the local government in order to reduce the possibility of the conflict judgment in that local regulations set the administrative penalty.
 
Key words: local legislations; administrative penalty; conflict; judgment criterion
 
 
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