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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2018年07月第24卷第4期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2018)04-0032-10
 
公共文化机构数字化利用绝版作品的著作权授权机制探讨
 
何炼红,郑宏飞
 
(中南大学法学院,湖南长沙,410083)
 
摘  要: 随着互联网时代的到来,公共文化机构大规模数字化建设的步伐日益加快。授权许可、合理使用、法定许可等传统著作权授权机制在数字环境下均存在不同程度的局限性,导致我国公共文化机构数字化利用绝版作品面临高昂的交易成本或潜在的侵权风险。建议完善我国著作权法(修订草案送审稿)第六十三条的规定,引入著作权延伸性集体管理作为公共文化机构数字化利用绝版作品的一种可行路径。由具有广泛代表性的著作权集体管理组织对具有文化传承价值的绝版作品进行延伸性集体管理,并从程序上和实体上为绝版作品著作权人建立权利保障机制,以实现保障著作权人合法权益和促进优秀文化传承的有机统一。
 
关键词: 公共文化机构;绝版作品;数字化利用;延伸性集体管理;权利保障机制
 
 
Discussion on the copyright authorization mechanism of the digital utilization of out-of-commerce works by public cultural institutions
 
HE Lianhong, ZHENG Hongfei
 
(School of Law, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China)
 
Abstract: With the advent of the Internet age, the pace of large-scale digital construction of public cultural institutions is accelerating. Traditional authorization mechanism, such as authorization license, fair use, and statutory license are different degrees of limitations in the digital environment, which leads to the fact that digital utilization of out-of-commerce works by public cultural institution in our country confronts high transaction costs or potential infringement risks. It is therefore suggested that the provisions of Article 63 of our copyright law (revised draft for review) be improved, that extensible collective governance of copyright be introduced as a feasible path to the digital use of out-of-commerce works by public cultural institutions. It can achieve the organic unity of safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of copyright owners and promoting the transmission of excellent culture, by undertaking extensive collective governance over out-of-commerce works with cultural inheritance value by representative institutions of copyright collective management, and by establishing the rights protection mechanism for copy-right holders both procedurally and practically.
 
Key words: public cultural institutions;out-of-commerce works; digital utilization; extensive collective governance; rights protection mechanism
 
 
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