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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年03月第23卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)02-0154-07
 
“爽”的古代诗学范畴内涵辨析
 
蒋振华,吴咏絮
 
(湖南师范大学文学院,湖南长沙,410081)
 
摘  要: “爽”是中国古典诗学中一个较为灵活和复杂的批评范畴。“爽”的本义为“明”。两汉魏晋南北朝时期,“爽”的词义、组合词汇、运用范围与内在意蕴不断发展,为“爽”成为一独特的诗学范畴做了准备。作为诗学范畴的“爽”既主要从魏晋南北朝时期用于人物品藻的美学范畴的“爽”发展而来,又动态地掺合了人们对使用“爽”这一语词描述的其他事物的体验与感受。自刘勰《文心雕龙》问世以来,“爽”及其相关词汇的丰富、范畴的运用和字义的发展与成熟,越来越清晰和频繁地反映在文学批评话语之中。明中后期,“爽”及其相关诗学范畴的运用逐渐走向成熟。作为诗学范畴的“爽”的具体内涵,指向一种明豁畅达、清朗不俗的特质,涉及创作主体、作品的语言体式、情致意境,以及由这些因素综合呈现的作品的总体风格等各个层面。
 
关键词: 爽;诗学范畴;人物品藻;具体内涵;创作主体;语言体式;情致意境;总体风格
 
 
Differentiation and analysis of connotation of Shuang as a category of ancient poetics
 
JIANG Zhenhua, WU Yongxu
 
(College of Liberal Arts, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China)
 
Abstract: Shuang is a flexible and sophisticated critical category in Chinese classic poetics. The etymological meaning of Shuang is “brightness”. In Han Wei Jin Southern and Northern dynasties, Shuang constantly developed in its meanings, its compound words, scope of use and connotations, which paved the way for Shuang to become a unique category of poetics. Shuang, as a poetic category, is a synthesis of the aesthetic category about remarking on figures in the Wei Jin Southern and Northern dynasties and people’s experiences and feelings of things described by Shuang. Since Liu Xie’s Literary Mind was published, Shuang developed further and matured in mid and late Ming Dynasty with its relative vocabulary becoming enriched, its category being widely used and its connotations expanding. The specific connotations of Shuang in the poetic category aimed at the quality of being bright and clear, pure and fresh in the overall style and multiple levels of works, involving the subjects of literary creation, the linguistic form, the spirit and emotional content as well as the style of works.
 
Key words: Shuang; poetic category; remarking on figures; specific connotation; the subjects of literary creation; the linguistic form; the spirit and emotional content; the style of works
 
 
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