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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年03月第23卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览1043次    下载340次   在线阅读279
文章编号:1672-3104(2017)02-0059-09
 
定期金变更之诉的建构:以德、日两国变更判决之诉为借鉴
 
孟醒
 
(北京大学法学院,北京,100871)
 
摘  要: 我国定期金赔偿作为一次性赔偿方式的补充,自建立起因缺乏配套变更制度而难以实施,造成赔偿权利人无法据此获得应有救济。推行定期金判决,必须构建定期金赔偿变更制度。德、日两国变更判决之诉对定期金赔偿变更之适用采取宽松与限制两种对立态度,并据此发展不同制度。我国为推行判决终局性应借鉴日本做法,以维护定期金判决之诉既判力为宗旨构建定期金赔偿变更条款,要求作为定期金赔偿变更依据的“新情况、新理由”必须发生于前诉口头辩论终结之后,客观上不可被预见并具有重大性。
 
关键词: 定期金赔偿;变更判决之诉;既判力;情势变更;实体权利
 
 
Constructing the modification litigation of annuity compensation: Referring to the modification of judgments in Germany and Japan
 
MENG Xing
 
(School of Law, Peiking University, Beijing 100871, China)
 
Abstract: As a supplement for lump sum compensation in China, the annuity compensation has trouble putting into practice due to the lack of modification regulations, hence causing the right holders unable to gain the proper remedies. In order to carry out the annuity compensation, the regulation on the modification of judgments must be built. The new Civil Procedure Law Interpretation regulates modification of judgments for the first time in Article 218, but still needs improvement. Germany and Japan hold different attitudes towards modifying the judgments, the former broadening the application of modification while the latter limiting it. For the sake of pushing forward the finality of judgments, China should learn from Japan and build the modification regulation under the premise of protecting res judicata. To be precise, the grounds for modification should occur after the end of oral argument, should be objectively unpredictable and should be significant.
 
Key words: annuity compensation; modification of judgment; res judicata; change of situation; substantive rights
 
 
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