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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年03月第23卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)02-0050-09
 
职权主义非讼法理在民事公益诉讼中的适用
 
石春雷
 
(厦门大学法学院,福建厦门,361005)
 
摘  要: 非讼法理是解决非讼程序的支配性原理,职权主义非讼法理是其重要组成部分。为了突出民事公益诉讼区别于传统诉讼的显著特征,更好地实现诉讼价值,维护社会公益,审理民事公益案件时通常会部分引入职权主义非讼法理。具体体现在:职权干预主义的部分适用,包括法院释明权的行使和被告反诉权的排除;职权探知主义的部分适用,包括法院依职权调查事实、收集证据以及当事人负担真实陈述义务;职权进行主义的部分适用,包括被告负担强制答辩义务,调解、和解、撤诉的限制以及行为保全和执行程序的职权启动。
 
关键词: 民事公益诉讼;职权主义;非讼法理
 
 
Application of doctrine of non-litigation legal in civil litigation
 
SHI Chunlei
 
(Law School, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)
 
Abstract: Non-litigation legal theory is to solve the dominant theory of non-litigation proceedings, of which the theory of non-litigation is an important part. In order to highlight the distinguishing features of the civil public interest litigation which are different from traditional ones so as to better realize the litigation value and to maintain the social public welfare, the civil public interest cases are usually introduced into the non-litigious legal theory. Specific embodiments can be found in partial application of, first, the power of inquisitorial intervention which includes the execution of court interpretation power and defendant counterclaim; second, the power of investigative doctrine which includes the court ex officio investigation, evidence collection and the burden of the parties to the true statement of obligations; third, the power to carry out the right of interpretation of the right of the court which includes the obligation of the defendant to enforce the obligation of defense, mediation, reconciliation, withdrawal of the lawsuit, and the commencement of the procedure for the preservation and enforcement of acts.
 
Key words: civil public interest litigation; inquisitorial system; non-litigation legal theory
 
 
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