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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年03月第23卷第2期
   
本文已被:浏览1060次    下载354次   在线阅读290
文章编号:1672-3104(2017)02-0001-07
 
恩格斯关于辩证法说了什么新东西?
 
高超
 
(吉林大学哲学社会学院暨哲学基础理论研究中心,吉林长春,130012)
 
摘  要: 马克思主义辩证法与黑格尔辩证法都承认辩证法的基本规律,区别在于二者对辩证法的来源——自然辩证法、社会历史辩证法和思维辩证法之间的关系的解释不同。只在社会历史领域证明辩证法的基本规律还不足以确立唯物主义的辩证法,人类社会中的辩证法应该由产生人类社会的自然界中的辩证法来说明。证明辩证法是自然界固有的规律、自然辩证法是其他领域中辩证法的来源,是恩格斯关于辩证法所说的新东西,是他对马克思主义辩证法所作出的独特贡献,也是唯物主义辩证法与唯心主义辩证法的唯一区别。
 
关键词: 恩格斯;马克思;黑格尔;自然辩证法;社会历史辩证法;思维辩证法;唯物主义;唯心主义
 
 
What is there new in Engels’ dialectics
 
GAO Chao
 
(School of Philosophy and Sociology & Center for Fundamentals of Philosophy, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China)
 
Abstract: Both Marxist dialectics and Hegelian dialectics accept the basic laws of dialectics, but they differ in  explanations on the source of dialectics, that is, they have different explanations on the relationship among dialectics of thinking, dialectics of social history, and dialectics of nature. Showing the basic laws in social history is not enough to establish materialist dialectics. The dialectics of social history should be shown by the dialectics of nature. Engels shows that dialectical laws are the inherent laws of nature, and the dialectics of nature is the source of all kinds of dialectics. That is what Engels says that is something new, which is his unique contribution to Marxist dialectics and the only difference between the materialist dialectics and the idealist dialectics.
 
Key words: Engels; Marx; Hegel; dialectics of nature; dialectics of social history; dialectics of thinking; materialism; idealism
 
 
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