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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年01月第23卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)01-0182-07
 
论1943年国民政府对学田制度的改革
 
蔡兴彤
 
(南京大学历史学院,江苏南京,210093)
 
摘  要: 清末新政后,科举制度下的学田逐渐转为新式教育提供经费,其定义涵盖范围扩大,导致数量巨增。但因新式教育耗资巨大,学田收益在教育经费中的地位有所下降。1943年国民政府力图对学田制度在管理经营、收益分配等方面加以改革,以提高学田收入,稳定战时教育经费。但困难重重,学田再也难以在教育经费方面起到重要作用。
 
关键词: 国民政府;学田;1943年改革;教育经费
 
 
On the reform of school owned-farm system by National Government in 1943
 
CAI Xingtong
 
(School of History, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China)
 
Abstract: After the New Deal in the late Qing Dynasty, the school-owned farm under the Chinese traditional examination system, as a funding, gradually supported the new education, the coverage of whose definition was later expanded, resulting in a huge increase in the number. However, due to the huge cost of the new education, the income of the school-owned farm is in the status of a decline of education funding. In 1943, the National Government tried to reform the school-owned farm system in management and the distribution of income, in order to improve the income of school-owned farm and stabilize the wartime education funding. But as it was too difficult, the school-owned farm was no longer to play an important role in education funding.
 
Key words: the National Government; school owned-farm; the Reform in 1943; education expending
 
 
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