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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年01月第23卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)01-0148-06
 
主体建构的叙事时间化——基于弗洛伊德精神分析理论的阐释
 
王正中
 
(浙江大学人文学院,浙江杭州,310028)
 
摘  要: 人作为主体,是被建构出来的,而叙事时间化则是主体建构的主要方式之一。由于叙事时间化的作用,弗洛伊德的本我才转化为现实中的自我;本我中起支配作用的快乐原则才转化为自我中现实原则支配下的快乐原则。而主体的叙事时间化则是通过叙事认同而获得的,换言之,正是在叙事认同的作用下这种叙事时间内化为主体的叙事身份。而叙事认同发生的动力则来自于叙事力,即叙事中所包含的主体需求。简言之,通过叙事力而发生叙事认同,通过叙事认同而获得叙事时间,通过叙事时间主体获得了现实形式。
 
关键词: 主体建构;叙事时间;叙事认同;叙事力;弗洛伊德
 
 
The narrative temporalization of the subject construction: Interpretation based on Freud’s psychoanalytic theory
 
WANG Zhengzhong
 
(School of Humanities, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310028, China)
 
Abstract: One as a subject, is constructed, while the narrative temporalization is the main part of this process. Because of this narrative temporalization, Freud’s Id is transformed into Ego in the reality and the dominant pleasure principle in Id is transformed into the pleasure principle which is under the dominant reality principle in Ego. Furthermore, the narrative temporalization of the subject is formed by the narrative identification which makes the narrative time internalize into the subject. But this narrative identification gets the energy from the narrative force, which are the needs of life in the story. In other words, the subject is constructed by narrative time, and the narrative time of subject is formed by narrative identification, and the narrative identification is derived from the narrative force.
 
Key words: subject construction; narrative time; narrative identification; narrative force; Freud
 
 
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