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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年01月第23卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)01-0142-06
 
地方书写的多主题呈现——以苏门文人的浯溪留题为中心
 
彭敏
 
(湖南科技学院国学院,湖南永州,425000)
 
摘  要: 苏门文人张耒、秦观、黄庭坚曾先后题咏湖南永州的浯溪,集中表现了浯溪地方书写的多主题性。苏门文人的题刻首先体现了浯溪的传统人文主题,包括忠义颂德、怀古追贤、遁世隐逸等,其特点是将自我贬谪身世融入浯溪地方书写当中。其中黄庭坚的《书摩崖碑后》发出史评新声,认为元结《大唐中兴颂》语涉讥讽,引发了后世文人在浯溪石刻上的激烈争论,开辟了浯溪史论新主题。此外,苏门诸人留题浯溪虽非同时,但他们的作品之间互有勾连,表达出深厚的师友情谊,形成了苏门文人内部在浯溪特有的“友情”主题。
 
关键词: 浯溪;石刻;黄庭坚;秦观;张耒
 
 
Multiple themes in the topographical writings: A case study of Wuxi writings by Su Shi’s disciples
 
PENG Min
 
(School of Chinese Classics, Hunan University of Science and Engineering, Yongzhou 425000, China)
 
Abstract: Su Shi’s disciples including Zhang Lei, Qin Guan and Huang Tingjian once wrote one by one about Wuxi, Yongzhou in Hunan, hence presenting jointly the multiple themes of Wuxi writing. Firstly, their writings expressed such classical themes as loyalty, morality, cherishing the past and seclusion with the characteristics of distilling their demotion into the writing. Among these writings, Huang Tingjian ushered a new voice of criticizing at history in his After the Inscription on the Cliff, believing that Yuan Jie was ironical in the Ode to Tang’s Revival. Thus, Huang evoked heated debate among critics of later generations, which started a new theme in Wuxi writing. Besides, Su Shi’s disciples did not write at the same time, but their writings were interrelated and expressed the same feeling between the teacher and the disciples, which became a special internal theme of “friendship” among Su Shi’s disciples.
 
Key words: Wuxi; stone inscription; Huang Tingjian; Qin Guan; Zhang lei
 
 
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