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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年01月第23卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)01-0124-06
 
城市社区治理中公民参与能力建设的调查与思考——基于L市社区的问卷调查
 
夏晓丽,蔡伟红
 
(济南大学马克思主义学院,山东济南,250022)
 
摘  要: 城市社区治理现代化是实现国家治理体系现代化的基础性工程。公民参与能力是公民参与城市社区治理的前提。城市社区治理中构成和影响公民参与能力的基本要素包括公民参与社区治理的主观意识,公民所具备的基本政治知识,公民利益表达渠道的选择等。我们从上述三个维度对L市公民参与能力现状进行问卷调查,其结果显示,目前L市社区治理中的公民参与能力总体不足,影响了社区治理的实际成效。因此,地方政府应转变传统治理理念,多渠道提升公民参与能力建设;同时充分开展公开、有效的信息交流与发挥社会组织的作用,鼓励和促进公民参与的实践历练,亦是提升公民参与能力的重要举措。
 
关键词: 社区治理;公民参与能力;参与意识;政治知识;利益表达渠道;信息公开;社会组织
 
 
Survey of and thoughts over the ability construction of citizen participation in urban community governance: Based on the community questionnaire in L city
 
XIA Xiaoli, CAI Weihong
 
(College of Marxism, Jinan University, Jinan 250022, China)
 
Abstract: Modern urban community governance is the basis of the modernization of national governance system. Capacity of citizen participation is the premise of citizen participation in urban community governance. The basic elements of citizen participation in urban community governance includes the subjective consciousness of citizen participation, basic political knowledge of citizen, the choice of citizen interest expression channels, etc. We have done a survey over the present situation of the capacity of citizen participation in L city. Results show that there lacks the capacity of citizen participation in L city, which influences the actual effect of community governance. Therefore, the local government should change the traditional management idea and tries multi-channels to improve the capacity of citizen participation. At the same time, such more measures can be taken as opening fully and effective information exchange, arousing the activity of social organizations in community governance, encouraging and promoting citizen participation practice so as to enhance the capacity of citizens participation.
 
Key words: urban community governance; capacity of citizen participation; political knowledge; channels for interest expression; information communication; social organizations
 
 
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