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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年01月第23卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)01-0110-07
 
马克思对自由主义正义理论的扬弃及其当代启示
 
陈飞
 
(重庆大学马克思主义学院,重庆,400044)
 
摘  要: 自由主义正义理论是马克思思考正义问题的思想史前提,他既肯定了自由主义正义理论的历史进步价值,同时又批判了它的历史局限性。一方面,作为自由主义正义理论基础的权利平等原则相对于前现代社会的等级与特权制度,相对于政治权力对私人生活的渗透和干预,体现了人类历史的伟大进步;另一方面,自由主义的权利平等原则只是形式或法律上的正义,不是实质上的正义,且作为重要论据支撑资本主义社会实质上的非正义。马克思对自由主义正义理论的态度对当代中国具有重要启示:一方面,要平等地保护每一个人的基本权利;另一方面,要看到自由主义的权利正义在市场经济会不可避免地带来收入差距过大等社会问题,我们应该通过制度设计和具体措施,逐步向实质正义推进。
 
关键词: 自由主义;权利;形式正义;实质正义
 
 
Marx’s sublation of liberal justice theory and its contemporary enlightenment
 
CHEN Fei
 
(Marxist Theory Teaching & Research Institution, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, China)
 
Abstract: The theory of liberal justice was the intellectual premise of Marx's consideration over justice, in which he both affirmed the historical progress and criticized its historical limitations of the theory of liberal justice. On the one hand, relative to the rank and privilege system in pre-modern society, relative to the penetration and intervention of political power in private life, the principle of equal rights which is the theoretical basis of liberal justice reflected the great progress of human history; On the other hand, the principle of equal rights of liberalism only means justice formally or legally rather than essentially, and as an important argument, it supported and intensified substantial injustice of capitalist society. Marx’s attitude towards liberal justice has important enlightenment to the contemporary Chinese. On the one hand, it equally protects the fundamental rights of every individual. On the other hand, too much income disparity it inevitably brings about in a market economy should be disclosed so that we can gradually advance to the substantive justice through the design of the system and specific measures.
 
Key words: liberalism; right; formal justice; substantial justice
 
 
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