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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年01月第23卷第1期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2017)01-0049-09
 
从管制到合作:环境法合作原则下水污染治理模式的反思与重构
 
张文松
 
(武汉大学法学院,湖北武汉,430072)
 
摘  要: 水资源的公众共用物属性决定我国必须重塑政府、市场和公众之间权力与权利的配置,实现水污染合作治理。环境法合作原则的内在规范性表明这种合作治理有其应然的法治价值。现行水污染管制模式的集权性、单向性和封闭性导致水污染治理目标的异化、公众参与回应性不足以及司法保障的乏力。因此,应在水污染治理中有序规束各治理主体的权力与权利,明晰治理目标,架构多元合作治理机制,实现环境司法模式及其功能的转型,推动水污染治理迈向顺应法治主流的社会合作治理模式。
 
关键词: 公众共用物;环境法合作原则;水污染;管制模式;合作治理
 
 
From regulation to cooperation: Reconsideration and reconstruction of water pollution control mode under cooperative principle of environmental law
 
ZHANG Wensong
 
(School of Law, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)
 
Abstract: The property of water resources, that is, the commons, determines that our country must redeploy the power and rights among the government, the market and the public in order to control water pollution. The internal requirement of the principle of cooperation in environmental law shows that the cooperative governance has its value of rule of law. Currrently, centralization, uni-directionality and the closure of water pollution control mode leads to the alienation, lack of public participation and the weak of judicial protection. Therefore, it is necessary to regulate the powers and rights of the governance subjects orderly, make governance goals clear, construct multiple cooperative governance mechanism, realize environmental justice model and transform its functions, thus promoting the pattern of water pollution government transforming to the social cooperation governance model which is the mainstream in environment law.
 
Key words: commons; cooperative principle of environmental law; water pollution; control mode; cooperative governance
 
 
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