自然科学版 英文版
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自然科学版 英文版
 

中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2017年01月第23卷第1期
   
本文已被:浏览1285次    下载729次   在线阅读309
文章编号:1672-3104(2017)01-0001-05
 
一种带有语义和认识论预设的形而上学——评克里普克的自然种类实在论取向
 
张存建
 
(江苏师范大学哲学与公共管理学院,江苏徐州,221116)
 
摘  要: 在《命名与必然性》中,克里普克解释了自然种类词“如何指称”,但是没有解释自然种类词“指称什么”。从克里普克认为自然种类词具有“严格性”来看,他接受一种自然种类实在论,将自然种类视为自然种类词的指称。为这种实在论提供支持的是克里普克的类本质主义。克氏类本质主义由语义分析导出,但是接受一些形而上学的预设。克里普克为自然种类提供一种带有语义和认识论预设的形而上学解释,其自然种类实在论取向可见于认识论、形而上学和语义学三个层面,认识或对之做出回应,需要考虑应当以及如何给哪个层面的问题以优先解决。
 
关键词: 克里普克;自然种类;实在论;本质主义;形而上学;认识论
 
 
A metaphysics attached with semantic and epistemic assumptions: Kripke’s orientation of natural kind realism
 
ZHANG Cunjian
 
(School of Philosophy and Public Administration, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, China)
 
Abstract: In Naming and Necessity, Kripke interprets how the term of the natural kind refers, but he fails to explain what. However, he suggests that both proper names and the terms of the natural kind are rigid designators, which dooms him to accept a natural kind realism. Kripke supports such realism with his Kind Essentialism, which is not only based on semantic analysis, but also supported with some metaphysical presuppositions. Kripke provides a metaphysical interpretation of natural kinds which is attached with semantic and epistemic assumptions. His orientation of natural kind realism could be seen at three levels: epistemology, metaphysics and semantics. To understand or respond to Kripke’s orientation, it needs to consider what problems should be given priority to solve and how to solve them.
 
Key words: Kripke; natural kinds; realism; essentialism; metaphysics; epistemology
 
 
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