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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年10月第21卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2015)05-0238-05
 
从《丧服》经文的编排和传文的阐释看两周五服制度的改变
 
何丹
 
(海南师范大学文学院,海南海口,571158)
 
摘  要: 五服制度自周代形成以来,对后世产生了深远的影响,引起了古今不少学者的关注,但由于资料的缺乏,使得目前的研究仍停留于《丧服》的文字层面,然而这种制度在周代并非是一成不变的。通过分析《丧服》经文的编排之义和传文的阐释之义来看,二者在对待“亲亲”与“尊尊”两大制服原则上存在明显的差异,这种差异正是礼制变化的印记,体现了从西周到东周,随着等级制的逐渐强化,“尊尊”原则逐渐超越了“亲亲”原则,丧服内在的宗法背景逐渐内隐,而外在的君臣表象逐渐外显。
 
关键词: 《丧服》;西周;东周;亲亲;尊尊
 
 
The change of mourning clothes in the Zhou Dynasty seen from the arrangement and interpretation of Mourning scripture
 
HE Dan
 
(Faculty of Arts, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China)
 
Abstract: The mourning apparel system, formed in the Zhou dynasty, has ever since produced a far-reaching impact on later generations, and attracted attention from many scholars. But owing to the lack of references, researches on Mourning have been still lingering at the linguistic level. However, this system was not constant in the Zhou Dynasty. Through analysis of the arrangement and interpretation of Mourning scripture, there can be found such obvious differences between the treatment of “being close to relatives” and “looking up to the upper” as the imprinting of the ritual change. This reflected transition from the Western Zhou Dynasty to the Eastern Zhou Dynasty when, along with the gradual strengthening of hierarchy, “looking up to the upper” principle went beyond the “being close to relatives” principle so that patriarchal background became implicit, while the monarch gradually became explicit.
 
Key words: Mourning; the Western Zhou Dynasty; the Eastern Zhou Dynasty; be close to relatives; look up to the upper
 
 
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