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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2015年10月第21卷第5期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2015)05-0014-06
 
自明性、先天性和反思:奥迪论伦理直觉主义
 
陈海
 
(华东师范大学哲学系,上海,200241)
 
摘  要: 罗伯特•奥迪是伦理直觉主义在当代最著名的捍卫者之一。他认为,我们的某些道德知识是非推理性的先天知识,这种先天知识是基于某些自明性命题,而反思是达到这种知识的适当方式。在奥迪看来,由于人们的道德直觉是对自明性伦理命题的理解,那么这本身就已经为伦理直觉主义提供了充分的辩护。但是,“自明性概念难以解释”“自明性与先天性关系错综”“反思方式难以界定”等问题,都构成了对奥迪理论的巨大挑战。
 
关键词: 罗伯特•奥迪;伦理直觉主义;自明性;先天性;反思
 
 
Self-evidence, apriority, and reflection: Audi on ethical intuitionism
 
CHEN Hai
 
(The Department of Philosophy, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China)
 
Abstract: Robert Audi is one of the most famous defenders of ethical intuitionism in the recent years. He believes that some of our moral knowledge is non-inferential and a priori, which is based on some self-evident propositions, and that the reflection is an appropriate way to acquire such knowledge. Moreover, from Audi’s perspective, people’s moral intuitions are understandings of self-evident moral propositions, which provides sufficient justification for ethical intuitionism itself. However, Audi’s theory is also challenged by such problems as how to explain the concept self-evidence, the labyrinth of the relation between self-evidence and apriority, and the difficulty of defining reflection.
 
Key words: Robert Audi; ethical intuitionism; self-evidence; apriority; reflection
 
 
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