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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年04月第20卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)02-0228-06
 
《三里湾》对农村“集体”的想象及其局限
 
王再兴
 
(怀化学院中文系,湖南怀化,418008)
 
摘  要: 从历史和文献来看,1949—1966年中国农村集体主义革命中的“集体”,其形态与意义都是被逐步想象和建构起来的。《三里湾》依托于“社员”、工分和“户”等层面,揭示了其时三里湾的农民正在开始走向现代性的社会。但是,赵树理和《三里湾》的卓越之处更在于,经由“民间传统”、口头语言以及与农民群众“共事”等问题,“集体”概念的内涵被给予了孤绝而幽深的辩难。赵树理是谨慎的,他执着地坚持“有多少写多少”,这使得“三里湾”同时也留下了复杂的历史遗响。
 
关键词: 农民小说;赵树理;《三里湾》;集体主义革命;想象
 
 
Imagination of collective in countryside and its limitation of Zhao Shuli in Sanli Wan
 
Wang Zaixing
 
(Department of Chinese, Huaihua College, Huaihua 418008, China)
 
Abstract: In China’s collectivistic revolution of village in 1949-1966, seen from the history and the documents, the appearance and the meanings of “collective” were gradually imagined and constructed. Tracing the levels of “member-peasant”, workpoints and “household”, etc, the novel SanliWan indicated that the mass in the village were heading for the society of modernity. But, the real excellences of Zhao Shu-li and his SanliWan lay in that, through “folk tradition”, oral language, and “working together” with the crowd, the content of concept “collective” is given some unique and profound meanings.
 
Key words: Rural fiction; Zhao Shu-li; SanliWan; Collectivistic revolution; Imagination
 
 
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