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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年04月第20卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)02-0190-09
 
“革命文学”之为何及其路径
——茅盾与太阳社、创造社论争的核心
 
田丰
 
(山东大学文学与新闻传播学院,山东济南,250100)
 
摘  要: 大革命的失败催发了茅盾革命文学观念的嬗变,他与太阳社、创造社原本既已存在的“革命文学”观念分歧进一步外显和扩大,由此导致他对革命文学倡导者观点的质疑和批驳,也终而引发太、创二社化“友”为“敌”对他展开猛烈的围攻。论争双方在“革命文学”之为何及其路径的论辩过程中并非仅仅围绕小资产阶级文艺/无产阶级文艺这一个话题展开,不容忽视的还有茅盾《幻灭》等小说中人物的出路问题,以及是立足于腥风血雨的黑暗现实回过头来反思革命还是以乌托邦的未来想象激发人们继续革命,要不要揭示革命阵营内部的阴暗面等等一系列关键问题,而这一切又共同指向要不要写真实以及什么样的“真实”等革命文学创作中面临的实际问题。
 
关键词: 革命文学论争;茅盾;创造社;太阳社;小资产阶级文艺;无产阶级文艺
 
 
On the debates of the revolutionary literature
 
TIAN Feng
 
(School of Literature and Journalism, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China)
 
Abstract: The disastrous defeat of the revolution helped fuel the change of MAO Dun’s idea of the revolution literature and then Led to the already existing differences of the revolutionary literature view to explicit and expand, which in return received fierce siege from Sun Society and Creation Society which treated him as a friend to an enemy. It is not hard for us to find through the historical data that the topic of the debate between the both sides was not only around the petty-bourgeois literature/proletarian literature, instead, it involved the way out of the question about the characters in Mao Dun’s novels such as disillusionment, based on the reality or imagining the future, whether it is necessary to reveal the darkness and so on. All these common points lead to a series of key issues such as if it is necessary to write the truth and what kind of the truth it is, etc.
 
Key words: The Revolutionary Debate; Mao Dun; Sun Society; a creative society; the petty-bourgeois literature; the proletarian literature
 
 
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