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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年04月第20卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)02-0143-06
 
从城市空间到流动空间
——卡斯特空间理论述评
 
牛俊伟
 
(闽南师范大学马克思主义学院,福建漳州,363000)
 
摘  要: 卡斯特的空间理论包括早期的城市空间理论和后期的流动空间理论。在城市空间理论中,空间被视为社会的物质性表达,城市作为一个空间片断,在发达资本主义阶段,它由劳动力再生产的集体消费过程所建构。在流动空间理论中,空间被视为是共享时间之社会实践的物质支撑,在网络社会不断崛起之时,流动空间对地方空间的支配成为当代社会的主导性空间逻辑。从城市空间向流动空间转换意味着:分析视野从一元城市转向多元城市,研究方法从结构主义转向结构化,叙述逻辑从资本转向权力,理论立场则由马克思主义的激进左派转向后现代主义的保守右派。
 
关键词: 曼纽尔•卡斯特;城市空间;流动空间;马克思主义;后现代主义
 
 
From urban space to flowing space——Review of Manuel Castells’ spatial theory
 
NIU Junwei
 
(College of Marx, Minnan Normal University, Zhangzhou 363000, China)
 
Abstract: Manuel Castells’ spatial theory consists of early urban spatial theory and later flowing spatial theory. In the former, space is regarded as the material expression of special society, as a segmentation of space, cities are always structured by collective consumption on reproducing labor power in the developed capitalist stage. In the latter, space is defined as the material support of time-sharing social practices, with the rise of network society, and the domination of flowing space to local space is becoming the leading spatial logic in modern society. The essence from urban space to flowing space lies in the following aspects: its perspective develops from one-dimensional city to pluralistic city, research methods changed from structuralism to structure theory, narrative logic changes from capital to power, and the theory standpoint turned from radical leftists of Marxism to the conservative right wing of postmodernism.
 
Key words: Manuel Castells; urban space; flowing space; Marxism; postmodernism
 
 
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