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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年04月第20卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)02-0099-08
 
基于民生问题的消费者权益保护立法
——兼评我国《消费者权益保护法》的修改
 
刘乃梁
 
(西南政法大学经济法学院,重庆,401120)
 
摘  要: 从“消费者问题”到“消费者权益保护立法”的历史演进路径揭示了民生问题对于消费者权益保护重要的立法指引效用。在民生法治的理念下,民生问题是消费者权益保护的重要立法取向。“消费潜规则”是当下我们探求新“消费者问题”的一个可靠窗口。消费潜规则折射出在消费类型、消费领域以及权责归属三个方面民生问题的新情况与新形势。《消费者权益保护法》的修改立足于对新民生问题的回应,强化弱者保护的立法理念,厘清旧问题、破解新问题,但其发展的道路上仍面对诸多挑战。扩大消费者范围、重视消费者教育、健全消费者权益保障程序和建立消费者权益保护法律体系,是我国消费者权益保护立法的发展方向。
 
关键词: 民生问题;消费者权益保护;新《消法》;回应型法;消费潜规则
 
 
On the legal logic between people’s livelihood and consumer rights and interests protection: comments on the Amendment of Chinese Consumer Protection Law
 
LIU Nailiang
 
(Economic Law School, Southwest University of Political Science and Law, Chongqing 401120, China)
 
Abstract: From “consumer question” to “consumer protection legislation”, the historical evolution way promulgated the livelihood of the people to protect the unequalled legislation direction effectiveness regarding the consumer rights and interests. Under the concept of the rule of law in the people’s livelihood, and people’s livelihood is an important legislative orientation method. The method is highly characteristic of people’s livelihood. The unspoken rules on consumer protection are a reliable window to seek newly “the consumer question”. Unspoken rules reflect the type of consumer and consumer sectors as well as the powers and responsibilities vested in the three aspects of people’s livelihood issues of the new situation and the new situation. The Consumer Protection Law of the modified based on new issues of the people’s livelihood, strengthen weak protection of legislative concept to clarify and explore new issues. In the livelihood of the people on the road of the Consumer Protection Act still needs to face the intension and extension of both the challenges for the development of the consumer protection act. Expanded scope focus on consumer education of consumers and improves consumer protection programs and the establishment of a consumer protection law system is the development direction of Chinese consumer protection legislation.
 
Key words: people’s livelihood; protection of consumer rights; new Chinese Consumer Protection Law; responsive law; the unspoken rules on consumer protection
 
 
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