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中南大学学报(社会科学版)
ZHONGNAN DAXUE XUEBAO(SHEHUI KEXUE BAN)

2014年04月第20卷第2期
   
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文章编号:1672-3104(2014)02-0073-04
 
被忽略的一位战国儒家学者
—董无心鬼神观探幽
 
赵小花
 
(陕西师范大学历史文化学院,陕西西安,710062;青海师范大学人文学院,青海西宁,810008)
 
摘  要: 战国时期儒家学者董无心,所撰《董子》一篇现已亡佚,从部分古典文献里零星记载中反映出,董无心坚持儒家对鬼神“敬而远之”“存而不论”的基本立场。董无心攻讦抨击墨家缠子鬼神学说,同时又看重民心得失,将祖先祭祀看作是一种情感的表达,亦为一种朴素人文关怀的写照,清晰地表现出了董无心的儒家情结。
 
关键词: 董无心;《董子》;儒家;鬼神观;祭祀;人文关怀;墨家
 
 
Dong Wuxin——A neglected Confucianist scholar
 
ZHAO Xiaohua
 
(College of History and Culture, Shanxi Normal University, Xian 710062, China; College of  Humanities, Qinghai Normal University, Xining 810008, China)
 
Abstract: In the Warring States period, the Confucian scholar Dong Wuxin, wrote DongZi, which is none existing now, at present only and part of the classical literature acquisition sporadic records available, reflects Dong Wuxin view on “ Confucian spirits at a distance”, “ leaving the question open” the basic position. Dong Wuxin criticized the Monist theory, at the same time, and pointed out that people would lose value experience, and the ancestor worship was an expression of emotion, which was also a kind of simple humanistic portrayal.
 
Key words: Dong Wuxin; Dong; Confucianism; Ghosts and gods outlook; sacrifice; humanistic care; Monist
 
 
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